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Gingival Flap Surgery

What is it?
Gingival flap surgery is a procedure that separates the gums from the teeth and temporarily folds so that the dentist can reach the roots of the teeth and bones.

What is dental equipment for?
Gingival flap surgery for the treatment of gum disease (periodontitis). It is recommended for patients with moderate or advanced periodontitis, especially if the initial non-surgical treatment (scaling and root lining) has not eradicated gum infections. This can also be used in conjunction with another procedure called bone surgery.

preparation
Your dentist or your dental hygienist will first remove all plaque and tartar around your teeth and make sure your oral hygiene is good. Before flap surgery, a periodontist doctor will determine your general health status or if your current medications permit surgery.

How it is done
After anesthetizing the area with the anesthetic, the periodontist will use a scalpel to separate the gum from the teeth and then lift or fold it into a flap. This allows periodontal surgeons to directly access the roots and bones that support the teeth. Inflammatory tissue is removed from any holes (defects) between the teeth and in the bones. Periodontists will then perform procedures called scaling and root leveling to clean the plaque and tartar. If you have a bone defect, your periodontist can eliminate these defects using a program called bony readjustment that uses a file or a rotary file to smooth the edges of the bones.

After these procedures are completed, the gums will be returned to their teeth and anchored in place using their pins. Some patients with periodontal disease use self-dissolving needles, while others use needles that must be removed within 10 days of surgery. Your periodontist can also cover the surgical site with an in-band bandage called a periodontal pocket or dressings.

follow up
You will have mild to moderate discomfort after surgery, but periodontists can administer analgesics to control it. Many people can only endure over-the-counter painkillers.

When the surgical site healing, try to keep the mouth clean is very important. Dental instruments means you should brush your teeth properly and use other floss. If the surgical site is not covered by a periodontal pocket, gently remove the plaque from the tooth using a toothbrush. Antibacterial oral lotions containing chlorhexidine are usually prescribed after periodontal surgery. Although these mouthwash can not remove dental plaque on their teeth, they kill bacteria and help your mouth to heal.

You may have some swelling, which can be reduced by using ice packs outside the face area of ​​the treatment area. In some cases, antibiotics may need to be used to prevent infection, and these should be done as directed. Your periodontal doctor will want to re-examine the area within 7 to 10 days.

risk
After surgery, you may have some bleeding and swelling. It is possible to develop the risk of infection.

The gums in the treated area recede more easily over time. Treated teeth may become hotter and hotter. Teeth also more easily form cavities in the root.

Dentalplaza.co.uk is one professional dental supplies website which supplies dental equipment in UK with competitive price and high quality.

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